Common Problems in Candle Making and How to Solve Them: Troubleshooting and Tips for Common Candle Problems

When you are making candles, you will experience different kinds of problems. While it is impossible to address each and every problem that you might encounter, we have provided reasons for some common candle problems and how you can solve them.

Flame is small or drowns on the melted wax

Reason: The wick is too thin or the wax is too hard for the wick

Resolution: Use a thick wick or soft wax. If you are using wax hardening additive, avoid using it or reduce the amount.

Wick creates excessive smoke or soot

Reasons: Wax might contain too many additives like dyes, fragrance, etc. , or the wick is too thick.

Resolution:  Use little additives or use a thin wick

The flame is too big

 Reason:   Wick used in the candles might be too big.

Resolution:   Use small sized wick or trim the wick to a half inch

Color fades soon

Reason:   Candles might have been exposed to hard light, or a low-quality dye and wax have been used

Resolution: Store candles in a dark area, prevent direct sunlight. Add UV inhibitor to the candle wax, use good quality dye and wax

Candles give little or no scent

Reason:  Fragrance was added too quickly, too little fragrance was used, the fragrance oil was low quality or the wax was low quality

Resolution:  Add fragrance oil only when the wax melts properly and just before you are ready to pour in the mold. Use more fragrance or use quality fragrance oils and candle wax

The candle is not burning evenly

Reason:  Wick may not be centered

Resolution: Make sure to secure the wick by using glue or wick centering equipment

The flame is sputtering

Reason: Wax might contain water or air pockets might have formed during the cooling of candles. Resolution: Make sure that no water drops get into the wax; fill the mold properly while pouring.

The candle is burning rapidly

Reasons:  Air pockets might have formed around the wick, or wax is too soft for the wick

Resolution: Adjust the pouring temperature, release air pockets by taping the sides of the container, or use hard wax or think wick

Mottled effects on the candle surface

Reason: wax might contain excessive oil or the candle cooled very quickly

Resolution: Use little fragrance oil, use Vybar to prevent mottling, don’t use excessive mold release spray, slow the cooling process by wrapping mold or container with a towel, or preheat the mold or container before you pour wax.

The candle does not burn

Reason:   The wick has not been treated or wick is clogged Wick not primed    Wick may be clogged

Resolution: Used primed or treated wick. Don’t use dyes that contain pigments that can clog the wick. Make sure the wax does not have dust or dirt

Oil seeps from the candle

Reason:  Perhaps too much fragrance oil has been used

Resolution:  Check how much fragrance oil your wax can retain, use a little amount of fragrance oils. You can also use Vybar to increase fragrance oil retention

Candle cracked while cooling down

Reason:  You tried to cool the candle too quickly

Resolution: Don’t place your candles in a fridge; let the candles cool in a warm environment.

Candle contains dye spots on the surface

Reason: Dye blocks or chips did not mix in the wax properly

Resolution: Use liquid dye and stir well. If you are using blocks or chips, allow it to melt well and then stir.

Candle color is fading

Reason: Perhaps you exposed the candles to UV lighting

Resolution: keep the candles away from direct sunlight. Use UV inhibitors for color retention

The candle has tunneling effect

Reason:  Thin wick is used

Resolution: Consider using a thick wick or soft wax

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