When you are making candles, you will experience different kinds of problems. While it is impossible to address each and every problem that you might encounter, we have provided reasons for some common candle problems and how you can solve them.
Flame is small or drowns on the melted wax
Reason: The wick is too thin or the wax is too hard for the wick
Resolution: Use a thick wick or soft wax. If you are using wax hardening additive, avoid using it or reduce the amount.
Wick creates excessive smoke or soot
Reasons: Wax might contain too many additives like dyes, fragrance, etc. , or the wick is too thick.
Resolution: Use little additives or use a thin wick
The flame is too big
Reason: Wick used in the candles might be too big.
Resolution: Use small sized wick or trim the wick to a half inch
Color fades soon
Reason: Candles might have been exposed to hard light, or a low-quality dye and wax have been used
Resolution: Store candles in a dark area, prevent direct sunlight. Add UV inhibitor to the candle wax, use good quality dye and wax
Candles give little or no scent
Reason: Fragrance was added too quickly, too little fragrance was used, the fragrance oil was low quality or the wax was low quality
Resolution: Add fragrance oil only when the wax melts properly and just before you are ready to pour in the mold. Use more fragrance or use quality fragrance oils and candle wax
The candle is not burning evenly
Reason: Wick may not be centered
Resolution: Make sure to secure the wick by using glue or wick centering equipment
The flame is sputtering
Reason: Wax might contain water or air pockets might have formed during the cooling of candles. Resolution: Make sure that no water drops get into the wax; fill the mold properly while pouring.
The candle is burning rapidly
Reasons: Air pockets might have formed around the wick, or wax is too soft for the wick
Resolution: Adjust the pouring temperature, release air pockets by taping the sides of the container, or use hard wax or think wick
Mottled effects on the candle surface
Reason: wax might contain excessive oil or the candle cooled very quickly
Resolution: Use little fragrance oil, use Vybar to prevent mottling, don’t use excessive mold release spray, slow the cooling process by wrapping mold or container with a towel, or preheat the mold or container before you pour wax.
The candle does not burn
Reason: The wick has not been treated or wick is clogged Wick not primed Wick may be clogged
Resolution: Used primed or treated wick. Don’t use dyes that contain pigments that can clog the wick. Make sure the wax does not have dust or dirt
Oil seeps from the candle
Reason: Perhaps too much fragrance oil has been used
Resolution: Check how much fragrance oil your wax can retain, use a little amount of fragrance oils. You can also use Vybar to increase fragrance oil retention
Candle cracked while cooling down
Reason: You tried to cool the candle too quickly
Resolution: Don’t place your candles in a fridge; let the candles cool in a warm environment.
Candle contains dye spots on the surface
Reason: Dye blocks or chips did not mix in the wax properly
Resolution: Use liquid dye and stir well. If you are using blocks or chips, allow it to melt well and then stir.
Candle color is fading
Reason: Perhaps you exposed the candles to UV lighting
Resolution: keep the candles away from direct sunlight. Use UV inhibitors for color retention
The candle has tunneling effect
Reason: Thin wick is used
Resolution: Consider using a thick wick or soft wax